There is no shortage of demand for oil and gas. However, one never knows how to get a job in the oil market. You can get a job working for a drilling company, and make a tidy living. Working on a drill requires some basic education and hard work. Unlike the popular portrayal, working on an oil rig requires more education than gritty dirty work. However, there is some dirty work involved in an oil rig. You may also struggle to understand the jargon of the oil rig job.
There are several openings that you can look to. Roustabouts are the entry level job at an oil rig. Mudloggers live near the well and monitor gas and hydrocarbons as well as collect samples of rock cuttings. They make between 50-100,000 dollars a year. A geology degree gives you an edge, but you may be able to get training from a small operation.
The heavy workforce is known as roughnecks, which have worked their way up from roustabouts. They work to screw drill lengths together as the drill goes into the ground. The head of the roughnecks is the derrick man, who works in the derrick to pull lengths out of a hole or help get them into the hole. The highest paid job on an oil rig is the driller, and they work their way up from roughnecks. Essentially, all of the upper positions in the crew are taken by those who have spent the time on the oil rig.
You can also work as a service hand, being contracted to various rigs to test a drilled hole for oil. This is called wire line logging. Wireline logging is when a company puts a device into a drilled hole to test for gamma rays, resistivity, porosity, and other factors. Service hands can also do a multitude of other services, like tractor work or other monitoring works.
There is also a mud engineer that monitors drilling fluid going into the hole. You need a background in chemistry and three months of special training. There is one mud engineer per oil rig.
There are also some service jobs with higher salaries and less manual labor, however they often require time and travel, so it is probably not the best starting position.
Generally, to get an oilfield job, you need to have some education in geology, chemistry, or engineering. Experience is always a good thing to have, but few start out with that experience.