There will always issues concerning interviews by freelancers as to what is the best method of conducting interviews. At times, freelancers will take a lot of unnecessary time which may have been used productively if they were to realise that interviewing is an art. The discussion below seeks to try giving a basic guideline on how to execute a successful interview by freelancers.
Thorough preparation before the slated day for the interview is important. It works well if you gather as much information about the people you want to interview and about the main issues you want addressed. The possibility of getting much of information you want is there given the power of the current technology. It is even easier if the person in question is a public figure. It pays not to bother the subject with questions you can get answers through other means. You may only ask further clarification on them.
In preparation, you also need to furnish your targeted interviewee with the questions before hand. He might need some time to prepare especially if there are technical issues and other statistics. When he has gone through them, he will be well positioned to respond to your questions come the material day. At the end of it all you will expect clear and concise answers that will say both your time and that of the respondent.
A freelancer ought to be passion able towards the person he sets out to interview. It is for the interest of getting as much information from the interviewee that he should create a good environment that makes the interviewee comfortable. A freelancer should be aware that not all people are used to interviews and chances are that a person who is to be interviewed had not had such a session before. The framing and the way a freelancer talks has to be friendly. It is therefore upon the freelancer to make the environment friendly for it is he who stands to gain anyway.
Another important point to a freelancer is that he should be able to control the interview to the topic. Once he has already set the mood and created a good environment and the person in question is comfortable, chances are that the interviewee can go explaining deeper even to issues that may not serve the topic at hand. That would now call for redirection. The redirection should also be done creatively not to upset the interviewee. Retrace the initial point but having appreciated the interviewee’s contribution even if that contribution did not matter to you. You should be a wise guider.
A freelancer will at times find himself in a difficult situation when the interviewee seems to reverse the role and become the interviewer. This may happen if the interviewee is trying to evade a question. Creativity here is also required. The freelancer should reframe the question and ask it in another way to enable him probe further. The main target has to be met and it is upon the freelancer to use that as the only chance to seek and get an answer the editor wanted answered.
Freelancers should avoid the temptation of being given an off the record stuff. This is not something that can be justified and will not be the best way. An interview should be open and whatever is raised can be quoted. Therefore the freelancer should always get what they targeted.
A final point among the one at hand is note taking. It is important if the interview is not recorded that notes will be a good reference. You always have to get the means that makes you well especially noting that there is the eye contact that need to be maintained during the interview. Some interviewers say that they have used a laptop in note taking and have found it a useful method that the interviewers may give a trial.
It is thus clear that what may seem complicated and time consuming to conduct an interview can be controlled. The freelancer therefore can make step by step interview preparation and conducting. With continued improvement a freelancer may enjoy conducting interviews with ease.