Given the situation we are living in the labor market, there are people who choose to engage in any facet of the business activity or business on their own.
An alternative that we will discuss in this article is the cooperativism .
What is a cooperative ?
A cooperative is an autonomous association of people who are join voluntarily to form a democratic organization whose administration and management should be conducted in the manner agreed by the partners (cooperative), usually in the context of a market economy.
The intention is to address your needs and aspirations economic, social and cultural common through a jointly owned and democratically controlled. The diversity of needs and aspirations (labor, consumer credit, etc.). The partners that make up the object or activity to cooperativizada these companies, defines a very varied types of cooperatives.
The cooperative principles are the basic rules of operation of these organizations.
Prototype business associations, the cooperative is the most genuine entity of social economy.
So what are looking for with the creation of a cooperative is:
• Mutual Aid : is seeking actions of a group to solve common problems.
• Self : is the motivation, strength of will of the members in order to reach expected goals.
• Disclaimer : level of performance in carrying out activities to achieve goals, feel a moral commitment with partners.
• Democracy : collective decision-making by partners (through the participation and involvement) with regard to the management of the cooperative.
• Equal : all partners have equal duties and rights.
• Equity : fair distribution of surplus among the members of the cooperative.
• Solidarity : to support, cooperate in solving problems of the associates, family and community. It also promoted the ethical values of honesty, openness, social responsibility and commitment to others.
From these points of view, the main idea that several unemployed join forces under a trade name, in order to develop a common activity at all, it’s a good alternative to the unemployment situation.
Often have been associated with this form of business or industrial activities related to the primary sector, namely agriculture and fisheries.
This form of partnership and seek outlets to the job market today has its pros and cons :
Among others we can find:
They join several people with similar work experience who have a common purpose, which will most likely not exist substantial differences between the objectives of the company and the shareholders.
It produces what we define who we like to work with HR as the effect “one plus one are not two” . That is, the synergies of people you do separately that they are to join more that one plus one is more.
More views and experiences, enriching the business project.
Economically, the figure of cooperatives have some tax benefits that do not have the legal forms for use by corporations.
Here too we can find with different problems:
When the project participants are knowledgeable about similar activities, as theirs will have more success, but in activities unrelated to its business, such as the management of the company, can be found with serious problems.
This motivates you have things that require cooperatives to recruit professionals from outside the activity or that choose to outsource, bringing expenditures in line HR are greater.
Because of this has arisen special forms of companies with the objective of helping the cooperatives. Are the so-called “cooperative associations”. One example is AGAC (Galician Association of Agricultural Cooperatives), which this year meets its twentieth anniversary.
But other problems arise with them. For example, if the activity is highly dependent on its operation of EU rules, the cooperative can not have personnel in their ranks who engages in it, so it’s good that these associations appear to manage the European Information. However, these associations are living much of the European funds , which at the time that those missing may disappear. In addition, provided it is working with European funds arises a tendency to malus and embezzled .
Is, the main problem is that the cooperatives will almost surely not the cooperative control all areas of the company and necessary or hire staff or outsource services.
¿ It is a good alternative to unemployment despite all this ?
I believe that yes .
Daring to undertake an activity alone is a total assumption of risk by the entrepreneur, a personal stake in that often links to their heritage. It does not have synergies and can not provide different points of view. And of course be to outsource many tasks on its business.
Starting as a cooperative, reflecting a breadth of knowledge, a sum of different views and provide a more external and abstract of their operation, which can allow you to see the problems that arise before that if you work in an individual.
What is sometimes difficult to find is similar job profiles to seek a common business project. Once found, participants are aware that their union is advisable to individual performance separately.
An example of the cooperative that is studied in business schools is the Mondragon Cooperative. It is the first business group in the Basque Country and the seventh in Spain.
Has nearly 95,000 employees. It was founded by the priest José María Arizmendiarrieta in 1956 ‘to’ and its headquarters is located in the town of Mondragon, in the industrial valleys Léniz. On April 1, 2008 announced it was changing its corporate brand to Mondragon.
The Corporation Mondragon is composed of 264 companies and entities which are divided mainly into three sectors, financial, industrial and distribution, in addition to also cover the areas of research and training.
Among the business projects ongoing Mondragon Corporation, the principal is the creation of an industrial estate in China, near its economic capital, Shanghai, but this process of internationalization and had spread before the presence of Cooperative 16 other countries such as India and Russia.
It is the largest cooperative group in the world and you can see clearly how the synergies of various professional and the amount of different points of view makes an individual project apparently result
ing in a draft business internationally known and put an example in schools international business.
In front of the
entrepreneur to use, as is currently sold as the solution to unemployment, the figure of the cooperative movement is worthy of being evaluated before starting an activity.
The existence of cooperatives in employment as alternatives to the current labor market situation is good.