A programming language is a set of symbols and rules similar to a “language”, in which one can create applications or systems to control a machine or certain functions. There are many and varied, some very famous are: Java, C / C, Perl or Basic .
However, there are some much less known that could come into the category of Programming Languages because of its complicated nature. Let’s look at some of them :
interlayer (1972) : It was designed originally intended as a parody of the language Fortran and Cobol, for the complex learning they possessed. This is a kind of machine language. As a curiosity, interspersed means “compiled with any language acronym pronounceable ».
Sample Hello World! Collate in :
PLEASE DO, 1 <- #13 DO ,1 SUB #1 <- #238 DO ,1 SUB #2 <- #112 DO ,1 SUB #3 <- #112 DO ,1 SUB #4 <- #0 DO ,1 SUB #5 <- #64 DO ,1 SUB #6 <- #238 DO ,1 SUB #7 <- #26 DO ,1 SUB #8 <- #248 DO ,1 SUB #9 <- #168 DO ,1 SUB #10 <- #24 DO ,1 SUB #11 <- #16 DO ,1 SUB #12 <- #158 DO ,1 SUB #13 <- #52 PLEASE READ OUT ,1 PLEASE GIVE UP
Brainfuck (1993) : This is a programming language that at a time which is based on a simple concept, it is highly complex: It works only doing operations on pointers. Example of Hello World! in Brainfuck: [>>>> <<<<- ] >.
Befunge93 (1993): This programming language is characterized as based on the model of a machine stack to pass parameters and using a kind of two-dimensional matrix for their instructions, which may direct the flow control in any direction, turning in a circle at the same place if it exceeds the size .
Sample Hello World! in Befunge :
v ,,,,,” Hello “< > 48 *, v
v ,,,,,,” World!” < > 25 *,@
Malbolge (1998): was designed to be a very complicated programming language and is based on theories of cryptanalysis. Its name is based on the 8th circle of hell (The Divine Comedy, Dante ).
Sample Hello World! Malbolge in :
hKs_dG5 [m_BA (?-Y;; Vb’rR5431M) /. zHGwEDCBA @ 98 \ 6543W10/.R, O <